How your physical environment can impact your endocrine system

How your physical environment can impact your endocrine system

Do you know your physical environment plays a crucial role in your overall health and well-being? It can impact your mental, emotional, and physical health in various ways. And one of the most important systems that can get thrown out of balance is your endocrine system.

This system is responsible for regulating hormones and all sorts of important functions in your body. We’re diving into how your physical environment and lifestyle can mess with your endocrine system, with the help of Free Soul Nutritionist, Harriet Well.

 The endocrine glands

The endocrine system is a complex network of glands and hormones that work together to regulate different bodily functions. The glands that make up the endocrine system include the pituitary gland, thyroid gland, parathyroid glands, adrenal glands, pancreas, ovaries (in females). This system plays a critical role in regulating growth and development, maintaining fluid and electrolyte balance, and controlling metabolism and reproductive processes.

 Disruptions to the endocrine system

Hormones produced by the endocrine system also help to regulate mood, energy levels, and sleep patterns. Disruptions in the endocrine system can lead to various health problems. For example, an overactive thyroid gland can lead to hyperthyroidism, which can cause weight loss, rapid heartbeat, and anxiety. On the other hand, an underactive thyroid gland can lead to hypothyroidism, which can cause fatigue, weight gain, and depression.

 Environmental factors like pollution, stress, and lifestyle habits can disrupt the normal functioning of the endocrine system. These are some ways your physical environment can impact your endocrine system:

Air quality:

Poor air quality is a significant factor that can impact the endocrine system. Exposure to air pollution, such as traffic pollution, can interfere with hormone production, regulation, and function. This can lead to problems such as thyroid dysfunction, reproductive issues, diabetes, hormone imbalances, and an increased risk of certain cancers. To improve air quality and reduce exposure to pollutants, it is recommended to use sustainable transportation options, support clean air policies and initiatives, use air purifiers in indoor spaces, avoid smoking and secondhand smoke, and stay informed about air quality in your area. These steps can help to support a healthy endocrine system and reduce the risk of related health problems.


Stress is a natural response to a perceived threat or challenge, and it can have both short-term and long-term effects on the endocrine system. When you experience stress, your body releases a hormone called cortisol, which is produced by the adrenal glands. Cortisol helps your body cope with stress by increasing blood sugar levels, suppressing the immune system, and increasing heart rate and blood pressure. However, chronic or prolonged stress can lead to the overproduction of cortisol, which can have negative effects on the endocrine system, leading to various health problems like weight gain, insomnia, and mood disorders.


The endocrine system is responsible for producing and regulating hormones, and the foods you eat can impact hormone production and balance. Eating a healthy, balanced diet that includes plenty of fruits and vegetables, whole grains, protein, and healthy fats is essential for maintaining a healthy endocrine system. Additionally, limiting processed foods, refined carbohydrates, and added sugars can help regulate blood sugar levels and hormone production.

Protein plays a key role in stabilising blood sugar levels by slowing down the digestion and absorption of carbohydrates. When we consume carbohydrates alone, they are quickly broken down into glucose, leading to a rapid spike in blood sugar levels. This spike is often followed by a subsequent crash, leaving us feeling tired and low in energy. When we include protein in our meals or snacks however, it slows down the digestion process, resulting in a slower and more controlled release of glucose into the bloodstream. This helps to prevent rapid blood sugar spikes and subsequent crashes, providing a more sustained and steady release of energy throughout the day. Protein supplements, such as the Free Soul Vegan Protein Blend, can provide a convenient and effective way for women to boost their protein intake. 

Physical activity:

Regular physical activity is essential for maintaining a healthy endocrine system. Exercise can impact hormone production and balance in various ways, including regulating insulin sensitivity, promoting testosterone production, reducing cortisol production, increasing growth hormone production, improving thyroid function and maintaining a healthy weight. Exercise can help regulate hormone production and reduce stress levels, leading to better overall health.

It's essential to be aware of the environmental factors that can impact your endocrine system and take steps to reduce your exposure to endocrine disruptors, improve indoor air quality, reduce stress levels, maintain a healthy diet, and engage in regular physical activity. By taking these steps, you can help maintain a healthy endocrine system and reduce the risk of various health problems.

Written by Harriet Lidgard Nutritionist (BSc) & Health Coach @harriet_well